Leroy R. Grumman Cadet Squadron

Civil Air Patrol - The official auxiliary of the United States Air Force

Safety Program


Lt Col Bernard C Anderson
 

PROGRAM GOAL:  The underlying goal of the CAP Safety Program is to minimize the risks faced by our membership in the performance of their volunteer duties.

RESPONSIBILITIES:

 

All levels of command shall work in partnership to develop effective safety education and mishap prevention measures to safeguard our members and preserve our physical resources.

All levels of command shall seek to instill a culture of safety that guides the planning and execution of every CAP activity.

Individual members will live the CAP motto of "ALWAYS VIGILANT" in planning, conducting, and participating in all CAP activities.  Hazards and potentially unsafe behavior will be addressed immediately and then reported to higher authority.

Commanders at all levels carry the responsibility of taking immediate action against any CAP member who places a fellow member at unnecessary risk.  Measures may range from counseling to the loss of membership in accordance with appropriate CAP directives.

The effectiveness of each Commander's safety efforts shall be evaluated yearly through the on-line Safety Survey process.  The commander at the next higher echelon (or his/her designee) will review and comment on the surveys of all subordinate units.

Safety Officers shall develop a program of regular safety education and mishap prevention training for the unit(s) to which they are assigned.  This program shall deliver no less than 15 minutes per month of face-to -face safety education and training to the membership.  Members who missed the face-to-face safety meeting will review the information presented at the meeting before they participate in any CAP activity (including unit meetings).  Any system that gets the message to the members is acceptable. Due to the educational benefits gained from the interaction during face-to-face meetings, each member must attend at least one safety meeting per month or complete an on-line safety briefing.

CAP - Safety Pledge

As a Civil Air Patrol member, I pledge to promote an uncompromising safety environment for myself and others, and to prevent the loss of, or damage to, Civil Air Patrol assets entrusted to me. I will perform all my activities in a professional and safe manner, and will hold myself accountable for my actions in all of our Missions for America.

Safety - Recent Discusssion Topics

Six big myths about pedestrian safety

Myth 1 - Kids account for most pedestrian causalities

False- Seniors run the greatest risk of a walking fatality 

Myth 2 - Intersections with walk/don't walk lights are the safest places to cross

False- Studies show that pedestrian signals have no effect on crash rates compared with non signalized intersections. 

Myth 3 - You can cross safely when the driver waves an OK

False- The stopped vehicle actually becomes an obstacle blocking the view of drivers overtaking it in the next lane 

Myth 4 - Drivers running red lights, barging into cross walks or not paying attention cause the most collisions.
False- These accidents mostly involve jay walking, darting out into traffic mid-block, or crossing highways 

Myth 5 - Wearing white at night lets drivers see you.

False- You should be wearing reflective tape at night especially when jogging

Myth 6 - Just walk home when you've had too much to drink

False- Have a designated driver take you home. According to the most recent statistics, 34% of pedestrians aged 16 or older killed in traffic collisions had a blood alcohol concentration at or above .08, the legal limit for drivers in NY state.  

 

Road Rage 

How not to get into a road rage situation-6 tips to stay calm, cool, and collected on the road:

1. Left lane is for passing  - period.  Even if you're doing the speed limit, move to the right

2. Use your directionals. It's the law. Get into the habit even if there isn't anyone else around.

3. Don't forget the hazard lights. If you're slowing down with the intention of stopping, put your hazard flashers on.

4. Check out your blind spot before changing lanes. A quick whip of your head will determine if someone is cruising in your blind spot. Don't rely solely on your mirrors.

5. When entering a freeway, give it gas. Accelerate rapidly to bring the car up to speed of traffic.

6. Drive and don't do anything else. No reading, shaving, brushing teeth, putting on make-up and no cell phone or ipods.

These 6 tips should keep you cool and collected on the road without causing road rage.

 

Driving Safety

 

Black ice- to avoid skidding on ice drive more cautiously and slower. During light rain oils come to the surface of the roadway making it very slippery.  If your car is skidding, do not use the brakes.  Steer down the road.   Most accidents occur from excessive speeding. Do not talk on your cell phone while driving and no drinking and driving.

Car care - Lights - Headlights (not running lights) must be on from 1/2 hour before sunset to 1/2 hour before official sunrise. All lights should be wiped clean before use. Check each week to see that all are operational.

Glass - Keep all windows clean - outside and in.  Repair all cracks.

Tires - Check tread wear (min 3/32"),  proper inflation pressure and for damage.

Brakes - Most cars of today have ABS so there is no need to pump the brakes. If the brakes in your car fail, downshift immediately to slow the vehicle.  Downshift smoothly through the gears (manual or automatic) one gear at a time to avoid a skid.  Pumping the brakes-doesn't always work but there might be enough pressure left in the brakes to build up pressure and stop.  Do not tun off the ignition key until the vehicle is stopped as it will lock the steering wheel on most vehicles.
Mirrors - Outside mirrors should be adjusted to show the adjacent lane. Ajust the inside center mirror to show as much of the road behind as poossible.

“White line fever” is also called “highway hypnosis”. Both are names for the phenomenon that occurs when the driver of a vehicle pushes the limits of his or her ability to stay awake. It’s as if they were sleeping while sitting behind the wheel.

 

We held a round-robin on driving dangers with each cadet naming a danger with each followed by a discussion of how to avoid them. Some of the dangers mentioned were driving distractions including eating, talking, drinking, noise and map / direction reading. Speeding brought up the fact that car racing is the number one cause of teen death and injury. Not obeying signs and signals was followed by a discussion of "All Way" stop signs and "Right on Red" rules. Weather and night vision problems are also dangers.

Railroad Safety


Chrisann Fabio, Community relations specialist for the Long Island Railroad recently gave a presentation to our seniors and cadets on railroad safety. Items covered were the potential for accidents at crossings where both vehicles and pedestrians do not wait for the gates to raise and the lights to stop flashing before crossing just because a train has passed; staying away from the third rail; not walking on the tracks; not climbing on or under railroad cars in the storage yard as they could be moved at any time; and staying away from the edge of the platform until the train is stopped.

Basic First Aid

 

A certified EMT was the speaker for this class. We discussed injuries such as open wounds and broken bones and how to treat each while in the field. The first topic we discussed was ways in which bleeding can start and continue including the circulatory system. The cadets were shown how to make a compression bandage over the wound to stop the bleeding. If you are in the wilderness you can use a shredded shirt for a bandage and shoe laces for compression. We also spoke about how to stabilize a broken bone by using branches and rolled newspapers and tying them together with shoe laces and belts.

  

 Summer Time Safety Issues

 

101 Critical Days of Summer

Labor Day to Memorial Day are the 101 deadliest days of summer. A majority  of car accidents at this time are caused by teenagers speeding, DWI and not wearing seat belts.

 

Rashes - poison ivy, oak and sumac. We spoke about how to recognize each plant, what the oil on the plant can do to the skin and ways of treating the rash. We also spoke about the myths and facts about poison ivy, such as: poison ivy rash is contagious-not true and you spread the rash only if the plant's oil touches your skin. However, burning them can cause the oil to become airborne for a short distance.

 

Sunburns - Causes: ultra-violet radiation. We spoke about sunburn symptoms: chills, fever, nausea, and blistering. We also spoke about sunburn treatment and prevention-get out of the sun, cover exposed skin, and take Advil, aspirin, or Aleve. The best prevention is sunscreen.

 

Water Safety - 700 people get killed while boating. Do not overload the boat and wear life vests. There are also a large amount of drowning's during this period.

 

Weather related - Beware of lightning storms and he start of hurricane season. During a lightning storm don't venture under trees.

 

Ticks - We discussed the biology of a tick, types of ticks, how to recognize their bite and how to treat the bites. We also discussed Lyme Disease and how to protect yourself against ticks.

 

Ground

 

While camping put a piece of red tape on guide wires so you don't trip. Don't be afraid to ask questions or for help. Know your personal limitations. If you're tired ask for help.

 

Air safety

 

Weight and balance-make sure the aircraft is properly balanced. Equipment required to be on a CAP aircraft can be quite heavy. Don't guess the weight of the equipment-know the weight.

 

Risks

 

In the military, people may ask you to take risks or put your life in danger to resolve a problem. Some risks can be managed.  Risks that can’t shouldn’t be taken. The potential cost of a risk should be considered. Last year, a CAP aircraft crashed at a loss of over a million dollars. Another accidentally drove into a hangar with damages of about $500,000. Both were as a result of poor risk management.

 

Risk Management consists of these steps:

 

Identify the hazards of what you intend to do. Assess the risks. Analyze your risk control measures. Make decisions based on your ability to control risks. Implement your risk controls. Supervise and review.

DON’T TAKE STUPID RISKS!

 

Fire

 

Fire Triangle - fuel, oxygen, heat.

 

Fire Classes:

   A - wood and trash

   B - paint and flamible liquids

   C- Electrical

   D- metal, aluminum

 

Fire Extinguisher types:

   Water - removes heat - use on Type A fires only

   CO2 - [dry ice] - removes oxygen [ too much and it removes your oxygen also] OK for ABC

   Dry Chemical - blankets the fuel - do not use in confined ares like cars or aircraft. To use: “PASS “ - Pull the pin, Aim, Squeeze the trigger, Sweep across the fire.

   Foam - Class A, B, C & D  {MESSY}

 

Rules - 1. For all but the smallest fires, get yourself and everyone else out and call the fire department.

            2. Only one person needs to fight the fire. Tell everyone else to leave..

 

Hazards - Keep flamables away from heat sources. Keep matches & lighters out of children's reach. Keep fireplace screens in place to stop sparks. Put candles in holders with a saucer under to catch dripping wax.  Keep gasoline and other flamable materials outside in tightly closed metal containers preferably in a shed rather than a garage.

 

Alarms - Have both smoke and co2 detectors on every floor of your house. Each detects a different fire hazard.  While both will beep when their batteries are weak, it's better to change them annually. Keep spare 9v batteries on hand.

 

Holiday Hazards

 

Real Christmas trees can be a fire hazard if not kept well watered.  Use care in performing decorating tasks including STF [slips/trips/falls], elevated work, electrical safety (check for frayed wires), and use PPE [personal protective equipment].

 

Fall Prevention

 

STF [slips/trips/falls] can be prevented.  Use handrails, turn on stairway lights. Don't place objects on stairs.  Keep walkways clear and repair broken surfaces. Make sure carpeting is secure. Use nightlights in bedrooms, halls and bathrooms. To protect children, use safety gates to keep them off stairs and put window guards on upstairs room windows.

 

 

Cadet Flying


C130 Orientation Flight

Cadet Encampment



Emergency Services GTM Training


Balloon Festival

Cadet Activity

Cadet Flightline Crew